Request a trial password here if you are visiting this site for the first time. Solpass activities are intended to supplement, not replace, solid classroom instruction by providing review of the specific concepts and information that the students are likely to encounter in the classroom and on the SOL end-of-year tests. By making test preparation easy and convenient, we hope to encourage excellent classroom instruction, which need not be sacrificed for narrowly focused "teaching to the test". New History and Social Science Standards to be implemented in the school year.
Promoting behavioral success in schools: Commentary on exemplary practices The articles in this special Practitioner's Edition of Psychology in the Schools share the application of sound educational and behavioral practices in real school and classroom contexts.
Given this emphasis in these articles on the applied use of behavioral practices, the purpose of this brief commentary is to highlight and comment on some of the big ideas that link these practitioner-focused articles.
Specifically, three main questions are addressed: Establishing efficient and durable systems of school-based support Part of a special section on linking systems for prevention and intervention in emerging models for promoting children's mental health.
A commentary on an article by Atkins, Graczyk, Frazier, and Abdul-Adil that appeared in this issue on pp. In their article, Atkins et al. The writer commends Atkins et al. He seeks to expand Atkins et al.
Supporting Successful Transition to Kindergarten: General Challenges and Specific Implications for Students with Problem Behavior The purpose of this review is to present factors that impede and promote successful transition to kindergarten, with a focus on the specific needs of students with problem behavior.
The review addresses competencies that teachers report are critical for success in kindergarten, traditional transition practices, and challenges in implementing transition practices. Suggestions are provided to begin to attend to some of the issues affecting successful transition for children with challenging behavior and include an overarching framework to better support transition practices and specific suggestions for appropriate supports.
Issues of personal dignity and social validity in school-wide systems of positive behavior support This article provides an analysis of issues related to personal dignity and social validity in schools. Specifically, dignity is defined in terms of individual success and independence, while social validity is defined in terms of the system as a whole.
These definitions are explored in the context of schoolwide systems of positive behavior support PBS. Descriptions of schoolwide systems of PBS are used to analyze and detail procedures that maintain respect for personal dignity and social validity.
In addition, processes for engaging persons in this discussion are critically analyzed. Future development and growth of PBS as a technology-based approach to developing self-determined, independent, and successful persons is discussed.
Direction is suggested in the way we consider issues, define our values, and engage others in systemic change efforts. Coaching positive behavior support in school settings: Tactics and data-based decision-making Systems of positive behavior support PBS that positively affect student performance involve consensus among stakeholders, the development of environments that facilitate student success, effective teaching of rules and procedures, and consistent consequences for behavior.
Evaluation of such systems requires schools to collect data to assess performance and to use that information to make data-based decisions. However, surveys indicate that data collection and data-based decision making are among the most difficult components of PBS for school personnel to tackle.
This article examines in-person coaching strategies and data use. A discussion of how coaches may more efficiently assess schools' readiness for coaching styles and content includes suggestions for how coaches might use a range of available assessment tools.
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 7 4. In this study, selected staff members from four elementary schools were trained in how to use the outcomes of an FBA to develop function-based intervention plans.
They then formed school-based intervention teams and served as facilitators for a total of 31 cases. The same cases also were distributed to three national FBA experts who selected interventions based on the identified function for each case.
The number and type of selected intervention strategies were recorded and analyzed across cases. Comparisons between team and expert intervention strategy selection revealed that school-based personnel in this study were more likely to select punitive and exclusionary strategies, regardless of function.
Thus, in real-world school settings, the link between FBA and intervention is far more complex than has been recognized or discussed in the literature.
Discussion focuses on possible explanations for the finding that school-based teams tend to gravitate toward more negative and exclusionary strategies, even when mediated by a trained FBA facilitator. Making a Case for Effectiveness and Efficiency.
Behavioral Disorders, 29 2 Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, schools have a legal obligation to conduct functional behavior assessments FBAs when developing intervention plans for students with disabilities whose behaviors lead their individualized education program teams to consider a change in educational placement, including suspension and expulsion.Attention is invited to Ministry of Railways (Railway Board)’s letter under reference (i) stipulating that in cases where an employee is totally incapacitated and is not in a position to continue in any post because of his medical condition, he/she may be allowed to opt for.
A postscript (P.S.) is writing added after the main body of a letter or other body of writing. The term comes from the Latin post scriptum, an expression meaning "written after" (which may be interpreted in the sense of "that which comes after the writing").A postscript may be a sentence, a paragraph, or occasionally many paragraphs added to, often hastily and incidentally, after the signature.
It is post script, and people should not write pss or psss etc. It should be: Ps. For post script. Pps. For post-post script. Ppps. For post-post-post script! PSs are used to reinforce and reiterate your main points, calls to actions, deadlines, and/or benefits. Believe it or not, the PS is one of the most read parts of your copy, along with the headline.
They greatly increase conversions. A postscript may be a sentence, a paragraph, or occasionally many paragraphs added to, often hastily and incidentally, after the signature of a letter or (sometimes) the main body of an essay or book.
Academic Student Employee Letter: Academic departments use this template to write a letter to send to potential new employees.
Allows PSS and MSP employees to file an official complaint. Submit to: ELR Department The official outline to support hiring departments in writing a new position description for managers and senior.